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Wednesday, April 29, 2020 | History

2 edition of Toward insect resistant maize for the Third World found in the catalog.

Toward insect resistant maize for the Third World

Toward insect resistant maize for the Third World

Proceedings of the International Symposium on Methodologies for Developing Host Plant Resistance to Maize Insects, CIMMYT, Mexico, 9-14 March 1987

by

  • 232 Want to read
  • 38 Currently reading

Published by CIMMYT .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Congresses,
  • Corn,
  • Insect resistance

  • The Physical Object
    FormatUnknown Binding
    Number of Pages327
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL9175110M
    ISBN 109686127356
    ISBN 109789686127355

      More than insect pests have been recorded causing damage to maize in India, Among these about half a dozen insect pests are of economic importance Maize shoot fly Atherigona orientalis Muscidae Diptera Stem borer Chilo partellus Pyralidae Lepidoptera Pink stem borer Sesamia inferens Noctuidae Lepidoptera Maize cut worm Mythimna separata. Chapter VI: Insect Management. Each group, except the third, contains some of the foremost insect pests of the world. In nearly all of them, the insect lives inside the plant during only a part of its life and emerging sooner or later as an adult. Control measures for internal feeding insects are most effective if aimed at adults or the. This is an intriguing book covering many aspects of corn ("maize" to the rest of the world), particularly in the Heartland (roughly Big 10 country). I found the writing a little uneven, sometimes very good and sometimes by: 3.


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Toward insect resistant maize for the Third World Download PDF EPUB FB2

Get this from a library. Toward insect resistant maize for the Third World: proceedings of the International Symposium on Methodologies for Developing Host Plant Resistance to Maize Insects, CIMMYT, Mexico, March [Janet Keyser; Nathan C Russell; International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center.; Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische.

Get this from a library. Toward insect resistant maize for the Third World: proceedings of the International Symposium on Methodologies for Developing Host Plant Resistance to Maize Insects, CIMMYT, Mexico, March [International Maize and. Condition: Very Good. Except for name written top right corner of cover, book's as almost like new, crisp clean pages, softcover, Toward insect resistant maize for the Third World: Proceedings of the International Symposium on Methodologies for Developing Host Plant Resistance to Maize Insects, CIMMYT, Mexico, March   CIMMYT () Toward insect resistant maize for the third world.

In: Proceedings of the International Symposium on Methodologies for Developing Host Plant Resistance to Maize Insects, International Maize and Wheat Improvement Centre (CIMMYT), Mexico Google ScholarCited by: 1.

In Toward insect resistant maize for the third world. Proceedings of the international symposium on methodologies for developing host plant resistance to maize insects.

Mexico, D.F.: CIMMYT. Breeding and Selecting Crops for Insect Pest Resistance January - December The Insect Resistant Maize for Africa (IRMA) project is pursuing the transfer of Bt-based resistance to adapted maize germplasm, initially in Kenya. GM insect-resistant (Bt) maize in Europe: a growing threat to wildlife and agriculture 3 GRL-TN The indirect toxicity of the Bt toxin to non-target beneficial insects makes evaluation of adverse effects difficult.

There have been several different laboratory studies on beneficial insects, often with different methodologies. Book () Conference proceedings () Non conventional literature (90) Reprint (43) Show more; Series. CIMMYT Maize Interna (24) CIMMYT Results of th (9) CIMMYT Results of th (9) CIMMYT Results of th (8) IRMA Project Documen (12) Show more; Places.

Africa (7) Ghana (1) South America (1) Southern Africa (1) Turkey (1) Show more. Kernel rot caused by Aspergillus (Fig. 6) also is associated with insect damage to ears (6).Aspergillus flavus and A. parasiticus produce the most notorious mycotoxins in maize, the aflatoxins.

The economic impact of aflatoxins has been greater than that of other mycotoxins in maize because of low "action levels" set by the Food and Drug Administration for aflatoxin.

How to cite this article: Osman, G.H. et al. Development of insect resistant maize plants expressing a chitinase gene from the cotton leaf worm, Spodoptera littoralis. Sci. Rep. 5, ; doi: 10 Cited by: Recent developments in the CIMMYT maize program. 2–4 in Toward Insect Resistant Maize for the Third World: Proceedings of an International Symposium on Methodologies for Developing Host Plant Resistance to Maize Insects.

An imprint of Michigan Publishing, Maize Books serves the publishing needs of the University of Michigan community by making high-quality scholarship widely available in print and represents a new model for authors seeking to share their work within and beyond the academy, offering streamlined selection, production, and distribution processes.

Upon infestation, maize releases volatile chemicals to actively recruit parasitic wasps or nematodes to combat the insect pests. In this review we examine the current state of knowledge of the biochemical, genetic and plant-insect tritrophic mechanisms involved in Cited by:   Maize is the most important staple food in Kenya; any reduction in production and yield therefore often becomes a national food security concern.

To address the challenge posed by the maize stem borer, the Insect Resistant Maize for Africa (IRMA) agricultural biotechnology public-private partnership (PPP) project was launched in There were, however, pre Cited by: 1.

The Present and Future Role of Insect-Resistant Genetically Modified Maize in IPM Abstract Commercial, genetically-modified (GM) maize was first planted in the United States (USA, ) and Canada () but now is grown in 13 countries on a total of over 35 million hectares (>24% of area worldwide).

MAIZE (Zea mays L.) is one of the major cereal crops, it ranks third in production following wheat and rice with an average of million tons produced annually on million ha by 53 countries.

It is the world's most widely grown crop in almost all tropical areas of the world including tropical highlands over m in altitude, to temperate. Although maize was originally domesticated in Mexico, the country's average yield per hectare is 38% below the world's average.

In fact, Mexico imports 30% of its maize from foreign sources to. At the "End-of-Project Conference" in earlythe partners exchanged experiences, achievements, and lessons from IRMA III. They also discussed future prospects for the release, dissemination, and use of insect-resistant maize in eastern and southern Africa.

This scientific opinion reports an evaluation of a risk assessment for placing on the market the genetically modified (GM) insect-resistant maize MIR for food and feed uses, import and processing.

Maize MIR contains a single insert consisting of the vip3Aa20 and pmi expression cassettes. After harvest, maize and commodities produced from maize are frequently hosts to a great variety of insect and fungal pests that cause severe economic damage 1,2,3,4,5,gh Bt formulations Cited by: The biological and economic issues relevant to improving the productivity of maize in developing countries are examined under the following headings: (1) maize in the world economy; (2) the maize plant and its uses; (3) maize production environments and methods in the developing world; (4) maize research systems in the developing word; (5) research policy issues; (6) Cited by: One of the main challenges for the 21st century is ensuring global food security.

Today, maize is the largest staple crop produced worldwide. Postharvest primary insect pests, especially the maize weevil (Sitophilus zeamais) and the large grain borer (Prostephanus truncatus) cause food-grain losses during storage up to 40% of total production, mainly in developing by: 4.

Economic Efficiency and Constraints of Maize Production in the Northern Region of Bangladesh. gy 1(1): The study was conducted at the Sadar upazila of Dinajpur and Panchagarh to estimate the costs, returns and economic efficiency of maize production compared to Boro rice.

The growth rate of maize in theCited by: A book edited by Nicholas Kalaitzandonakes, The Environmental and Economic Impacts of Agbiotech: A Global Perspective suggests that some progress toward increased productivity has been made.

The book, which compiled a variety of research papers, found that insect-resistant and herbicide-tolerant technologies are reducing the risk of crop. Management Practices for Insect Resistance in Bt Maize. By Gleberson Guillen Piccinin, Alessandro Lucca Braccini, Andréia Kazumi Suzukawa, Ricardo Shigueru Okumura, Claudete Rosa da Silva, Allan Klynger da Silva Lobato and Daiane de Cinque Mariano.

Submitted: March 30th Reviewed: September 30th Published: March 2nd DOI: Cited by: 1. Publisher Summary. This chapter assesses the effect of the current generation of Bt toxin corn and glyphosate-resistant soybeans on corn and soybean production in the United States and the world, and world prices and US export of these commodities.

The farm-level analysis of the market effects of the two widely used food genetically modified organisms (GMOs)s, Bt corn. Corporate takeover of South Africa's maize As noted earlier, in Monsanto's GM 'insect resistant' (IR) maize variety MON was approved for environmental release, meaning that GM maize could be grown on a commercial scale.

The first commercial plantings took place in Genetically Modified, Insect Resistant Maize: Implications for Management of Ear and Stalk Diseases Abstract Bt hybrids can be an important tool in the integrated management of Fusarium ear rot and possibly Aspergillus ear rots and maize stalk rots.

New Bt hybrids now under development promise to provide more. One of the main challenges for the 21st century is ensuring global food security. Today, maize is the largest staple crop produced worldwide.

Postharvest primary insect pests, especially the maize weevil (Sitophilus zeamais) and the large grain borer (Prostephanus truncatus) cause food-grain losses during storage up to 40% of total production, mainly in developing countries.

Poverty in Africa is the lack of provision to satisfy the basic human needs of certain people in n nations typically fall toward the bottom of any list measuring small size economic activity, such as income per capita or GDP per capita, despite a wealth of natural resources.

In22 of 24 nations identified as having "Low Human Development" on the United Nations'. Save and Grow farming systems increase crop productivity and diversify food production, while simultaneously restoring and enhancing natural capital and ecosystem services.

They do so by achieving higher rates of efficiency in the use of farm inputs - including water, nutrients, energy and labour - and strengthening resilience to abiotic, biotic and economic stresses, and to. ADVERTISEMENTS: Maize Production: Production and Distribution of Maize around the World. The total production of maize in the world is as follows: Year Maize production (in million metric tons) The top ten maize productions in the world with their production data are shown in table Table Major [ ].

can help to feed the world while protecting its natural resources B yworld annual demand for maize, rice and wheat is expected to reach some billion tonnes, or million tonnes more than ’s record combined harvest.

Much of the increase in production will need to come from existing farmland. But one-third of that land is degraded,File Size: 1MB. Genetically modified (GM) Bt maize expressing Cry proteins constitute an important stem borer management tool (Kruger et al.a; De Groote et al.

) and provides convenient and cost effective options for mitigating yield losses and other constraints faced by small farmers (Gouse et al.Hellmich et al.De Groote et al.Cited by: 6. Bt-resistant Insects not Likely to Be a Problem for Maize Farmers Entomology Today Novem Leave a Comment Dominic Reisig, an entomologist at North Carolina State University, received a phone call in from a farmer who was having trouble with fall armyworms (Spodoptera frugiperda), an insect pest that costs farmers in the.

The Norwegian Environment Agency (NEA) and the Norwegian Food Safety Authority (NFSA) requested the Norwegian Scientific Committee for Food Safety (Vitenskapskomiteen for mattrygghet, VKM) for an opinion of potential risks to biodiversity and agriculture in Norway associated with import of seeds for sowing, and cultivation of insect-resistant and herbicide.

Insect-resistant Genetically Modified (GM) maize will be commercialized in Kenya inresearchers said on Sunday. African Agricultural Technology Foundation (AATF) Communications and Partnerships Manager Nancy Muchiri told Xinhua in Nairobi on Sunday that the Biotech maize has successfully undergone the confined field trials (CFT) stage and is.

Insect pests cause major damage to stored maize grain thereby reducing its weight, quality and germination vigour. Five open pollinated maize varieties (ZM, ZM, ZM, ZM and Hickory King) and one hybrid maize variety (SC) were evaluated for tolerance and their effects on progeny development against the maize weevil, Sitophilus zeamais (Motsch.).

Free Online Library: Fitting, Elizabeth. The struggle for maize: Campesinos, workers, and transgenic corn in the Mexican countryside.(Book review) by "Journal of Third World Studies"; International relations Regional focus/area studies Books Book reviews Food Biotechnology Genetic engineering Genetically engineered foods Genetically modified crops Workers.

Insects pests of maize 1. INSECT PESTS OF MAIZE R. Regmi Assistant Professor Department of entomology 2. Major insect pests • Maize stem borer, Chilo partellus (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) • White Grub, Phyllophaga rugosa/Holotrichia spp./Anomala dimidiate (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) • Rice Ear- cutting caterpillar, Mythimna separata (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) • .Insect pests of maize: a guide for field identification.

Ortega Corona, A. by: 6.The insect pests of maize and their losses were studied in KARINA Juglote, Northern Areas. Maize stem borer Chilo Partellus was found serious pest with % plant infestation followed by maize aphid Rhopalosiphum maidis with 15% plant infestation at tasseling stage.

Shootfly Atherigona soccata attack at the early stage with 5% plant infestation. At the same time, Maize .